To start a crafts business place, the first step is to have the circumstances related to your craft/profession registered in the registry of craftsmen and artisans and announced the same in the journal of craftsmen and artisans registry. The second step is to become a member of the Chamber of Craftsmen and Artisans.
The requirements for becoming a member of the chamber are as follows:
- a) Being a citizen of the Republic of Turkey or performing your craft or profession within the boundaries of the Republic of Turkey even if you are a citizen of a foreign country.
- b) having the capacity to exercise the civil rights
- c) being a tax payer or being exempt from tax
- d) not being a member of any chamber under the roof of Turkish Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges.
The skill requirements for being a craftsman are regulated under the Vocational Training Law No. 3308. Unlike formal education, the vocational training system under this Law is a non formal education focusing on running the relevant business where people attend on voluntary basis and obtain the certificates of apprenticeship, journeyman and mastership depending on the level of the training received.
Vocational training consists of the following stages:
- Candidate Apprentice
- Qualified Instructor
– Candidate Apprentice: the person who has not turned the legal age for starting to work as an apprentice and is introduced to the place of business and provided with the preliminary knowledge of the relevant craft and profession.
– Apprentice: the person who builds up the knowledge, skills and work habits required by a given profession, on the job, based on the apprenticeship contract. The training of apprentice takes 2 to 4 years depending on the particulars of the craft. The theoretical training programmes for apprenticeship consists of 30% general knowledge courses and 70% courses on professional knowledge. Those who completes this training successfully will be entitled to sit in exam for journeymanship.
– Journeyman: The person who has acquired the knowledge, skills and work habits required by a given profession, and is able to perform the works and procedures related to that profession to the acceptable standards under the supervision of master. Those who are entitled to obtain the journeyman’s certificate can be sit on mastership exam if they receive a further training of 2 years. The journeymen who do not continue their training can be sit on mastership exam if they can provide evidence that they have worked as a journeyman in their profession for 5 years
– Master: the person who has acquired the knowledge, skills and work habits required by a given profession, and is able to perform the works and procedures related to that profession to the acceptable standards in producing goods and services and is able to plan production, solve the problems which may be encountered during production, express their opinions in writing, orally or using illustrations, and practically make calculations in connection with production. The Ministry of Education organizes a mastership training courses to ensure that those who has obtained the qualification of journeymanship can get the necessary qualifications to improve professionally and start a business independently. The certificate of mastership is granted to those who successfully complete the mastership exam.
-Qualified instructor: Those who has attained the qualification of mastership are given a certificate of qualified instructor if they completes the professional pedagogy courses to be conducted by the Ministry of Education.